Neurodegeneration

Nodding syndrome is unlikely to be an autoimmune reaction to leiomodin-1 after infection by Onchocerca volvulus

Nodding syndrome is a neurological disease of children in northern Uganda. Infection with the nematode parasite Onchocerca volvulus has been epidemiologically implicated as the cause of the disease. It has been proposed that an autoantibody directed against the human protein leiomodin-1 cross reacts with a tropomyosin-like nematode protein, thus suggesting that nodding syndrome is an autoimmune brain disease due to extra-cerebral parasitism. This hypothesis is dependent on constitutive neuronal expression...