PFAS: Ecological Implications, Remedial Actions and Ethical Considerations

Article Authors: Oluwafemi Awolesi 1,2,3*, Peter Oni 4, Abiodun Oshinowo 5, Boluwatife S. Olubusoye 6, Faustina Owusu 1, Simeon Pama Sunday 5, Temitope Osobamiro 7, Acaye Ongwech 8, Omotoyosi Awolesi 2,9, Beatrice Arwenyo 3,8*


The C-F bond is one of the strongest in organic chemistry. It is responsible for the great stability of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances, commonly referred to as “PFAS”, a group of man-made chemicals that include perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Thermal stability, surface activity, dielectric characteristics, chemical resistance, and inertness are just a few of the technical advantages that this group has over hydrocarbons, and since the 1950s, these chemicals have been largely utilized in a variety of domestic and industrial endeavors. The hydrophilic and lipophilic nature of this class of chemicals accounts for its uniqueness. Up until today, the chemistry and ecotoxicology of these chemicals continue to emerge. Issues concerning the destructive power of ignorance expedited by an ineffective regulatory institution continue to show that manufacturing chemicals are insufficient without giving serious thought to issues of openness and humanity’s awareness of its own safety. When discussing the nature of humanity and how it can be defined or redefined, it is important to allude to the significance of integrating business with ethics in its various forms. This paper highlights the importance of holding polluters accountable for PFAS contamination cleanup costs while emphasizing the need for chemical manufacturers to test and disclose the health and environmental effects of PFAS compounds. In addition, the sources, types, properties, applications, distribution, toxicological implications, regulations, and analytical methods associated with PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) are explored. The effectiveness of the remedial methods described in this paper needs to be progressively tested while exploring other sustainable approaches.

Bibliographical metadata

Journal Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment
Volume 12
Issue No. 3
Related Faculties/Schools

1Department of Environmental Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, USA.
2Research & Development Unit, Ecoxygiene Services Limited, Lagos, Nigeria.
3Department of Chemistry, Mississippi State University, Starkville, USA.
4Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Massachusetts, USA.
5Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Toledo, Toledo, USA.
6Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Mississippi, Oxford, USA.
7Department of Chemical Sciences, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria.
8Department of Chemistry, Gulu University, Gulu, Uganda.
9Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.