Non-formal vocational education in Uganda: Practical empowerment through a workable alternative

Article Authors: Marit Blaak, George Ladaah Openjuru, Jacques Zeelen


This article reflects on the potential of non-formal vocational education in Uganda to improve the quality of life of those excluded from formal education. Based on an exploration of humanizing development theorists Sen, Freire and Nyerere, together with two case studies, practical empowerment is described as a desirable outcome of education for development. Practical empowerment includes acquiring marketable skills as well as capabilities to critically give direction to one’s life. Although education leading to this outcome is desirable for all, non-formal vocational education can reach those currently excluded from formal education, thus enhancing their empowerment by equipping them with useful skills and knowledge.

Bibliographical metadata

Journal International Journal of Educational Development
Volume 33
Issue No. 1
Pages 88-97
Related Faculties/Schools

a Department of Lifelong Learning, University of Groningen, Grote Rozenstraat 38, 9712 TJ Groningen, The Netherlands
b School of Distance and Lifelong Learning, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062 Kampala, Uganda