Kinetics and Thermodynamic Studies: Adsorption of Pb, Cr and Ni Ions from Spent Lubrication Oil (SLO) Using Acid Modified Clay

Article Authors: Felix Sughnen Atsar1*, Donald Kukwa1, Raymond Ahule Wuana2, Beatrice Arwenyo3


Adsorption of Pb, Cr, and Ni ions from spent lubrication oil (SLO) by sulphuric acid modified clay (SAMC) was investigated considering the effect of contact time and temperature of the adsorption system. The removal percentage of the heavy metals was found to be temperature and contact time-dependent. Adsorption of the heavy metals increases with an increase in temperature and contact time with 95.0% – 100% adsorption recorded at the temperature of 331 K with the equilibration time of 12 hours. The thermodynamic and kinetics investigation of the adsorption process showed that the adsorption of these metals by the modified adsorbent is a spontaneous and endothermic physical adsorption process that followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model.

Bibliographical metadata

Journal American Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Volume 12
Issue No. 5
DOI 10.4236/ajac.2021.125009
Related Faculties/Schools

1Department of Chemistry, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.
2Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria.
3Department of Chemistry, Gulu University, Gulu, Uganda.