Antimicrobial resistance and rational use of medicine: knowledge, perceptions, and training of clinical health professions students in Uganda

Article Authors: Andrew Marvin Kanyike, Ronald Olum, Jonathan Kajjimu, Shebah Owembabazi, Daniel Ojilong, Dianah Rhoda Nassozi, Joan Fidelia Amongin, Linda Atulinda, Kenneth Agaba, Drake Agira, Nicholas Kisaakye Wamala, Richard Buule, Germinah Nabukeera, Robert Kyomuhendo, Rehema Luwano, Whitney Owobusingye, Dissan Matovu, Philip Musoke, Felix Bongomin & Kenedy Kiyimba


Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an important global health concern, projected to contribute to significant mortality, particularly in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, perceptions of clinical health professions students towards antimicrobial resistance and rational use of medicine and confidence level to prescribe antimicrobials.
Methods: An online descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among clinical health professions students across 9 medical schools in Uganda. A semi-structured questionnaire using Kobo Toolbox form was shared among participants via WhatsApp Messenger (Meta, California, USA). Knowledge was categorized using modified Bloom’s cut-off. One-way ANOVA, Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test, and logistic regression were used to assess the association between dependent and independent variables. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: We surveyed 681 participants, most were pursuing a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degree (n = 433, 63.6%), with a mean age of 24 (standard deviation: 3.6) years. Most participants (n = 596, 87.5%) had sufficient knowledge about antimicrobial resistance with a mean score of 85 ± 14.2%. There was a significant difference in mean knowledge scores of year 4 (86.6%) compared to year 3 (82.4%) (p = 0.002) and year 5 (88.0%) compared to year 3 (82.4%) (p < 0.001). Most participants (n = 456, 66.9%), were confident on making an accurate diagnosis of infection, and choosing the correct antimicrobial agent to use (n = 484, 71.1%).
Conclusion: Health profession students exhibited good knowledge on antimicrobial resistance and high self-perceived confidence that should be leveraged to foster better future antimicrobial prescription practices. However, they still agreed that a separated course unit on AMR is necessary which responsible authorities should consider to consolidate the efforts.

Bibliographical metadata

Journal Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control
Volume 11
Issue No. 145
Related Faculties/Schools